In 2018 we inhabit a “post-truth” world where scientific evidence and accurate information must compete with appeals to emotion and “fake news”. In this talk I will attempt to shed some light on the human tendency to believe “alternative facts”. For one thing, individuals tend to restrict the amount of information they collect when forming beliefs, “jumping to conclusions” on limited evidence.
This interdisciplinary course will address the human ability to find creative solutions to new problems, a capacity that has allowed us to overcome obstacles in problem solving that are insurmountable to other species. Creative problem solving is therefore viewed as a crucial cognitive component in enabling the rapid progression of human culture. The course will comprise lectures and discussions in the mornings.
The project will investigate the factors that determine people's attitudes toward social rules or norms that are aimed at improving social welfare. Dishonesty can be characterized as failing to respect these rules, and adhering to them can be necessary for stable cooperation and resolving collective action problems. However, against this first operational characterization, ethnographic and experimental data suggest that depending on the context, people may break a rule and still think of themselves as honest.
We are pleased to announce that the ERC review panels have favorably reviewed Dr John Michael's proposal entitled: " An Integrative Framework for Modeling the Sense of Commitment". The ERC Starting Independent Research Grant from the European Research Council: Seventh Framework Ideas Programme (FP7) provides 1,4 million euros and will help John to continue his research on the highest possible level, and to achieve ground-breaking results. The project is expected to start in July 2016.